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Missouri Legalizes Medical Marijuana – Implications for Banks

On November 6, 2018, Missourians voted to amend the Missouri constitution to allow the use of marijuana for medical purposes. Amendment 2 allows the use of marijuana for ten medical conditions and imposes a four percent tax on the retail sale of marijuana, with the funds to be used for the health care needs of military veterans. Missouri joins over 30 other states in legalizing marijuana in some form. Despite Missouri’s and other states’ laws, the manufacture, distribution, and dispensing of marijuana remains illegal at the federal level under the Controlled Substances Act. Banks and other financial institutions must navigate this conflict between state and federal law with limited guidance from regulators.

Mount Lemmon Fire Dist. v. Guido: The ADEA Applies To All State and Local Government Employers

On November 6, 2018, the United States Supreme Court unanimously held (8-0) that the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (“ADEA”) extends to all small state and local government employers, not only public entities with twenty or more employees.  

IRS (Finally) Answers Questions re: 2019 Hardship Distributions

On November 9, 2018, the IRS issued proposed amendments to the regulations under Code Section 401(k) that describe the circumstances under which participants may take an in-service distribution of elective deferrals (and contributions subject to similar withdrawal restrictions, such as QMACs, QNECs and safe-harbor contributions) on account of financial hardship. The proposed amendments to the regulations reflect several statutory changes to 401(k) plans since the Pension Protection Act of 2006, including the recent changes (that are scheduled to apply to hardship distributions in plan years beginning after December 31, 2018) under the Bipartisan Budget Act (“BBA”) of 2018. Most importantly, the amendments answer several questions that plan sponsors and plan administrators have had with respect to both the BBA and the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) of 2017, and provide some much-needed transition relief for hardship distributions made in 2019.

Missouri’s Medical Marijuana Amendment Creates New Issues for Missouri Employers

On November 6, 2018, Missouri’s voters approved a medical marijuana ballot initiative, Amendment 2, while rejecting two competing medical marijuana initiatives on the ballot.  This constitutional amendment empowers doctors to authorize patients to buy medical marijuana for the treatment of a variety of conditions. It likewise provides that dispensaries may sell marijuana for medicinal purposes.  Amendment 2 does not cover recreational use of marijuana, which is currently allowed in nine states.  Missouri is the 31st state to legalize medical marijuana. While Amendment 2 authorizes use of marijuana for medicinal purposes, this is not a “free pass” for employees.  Amendment 2 does not allow employees to use marijuana while working, on the employer’s premises, or to work while impaired by marijuana use that occurred prior to the employee’s work shift.  With that said, the passage of Amendment 2 will likely create multiple issues of varying complexity for Missouri’s employers for years to come, including:

Missouri Minimum Wage Set to Increase Starting January 1, 2019

On November 6, 2018, Missouri voters overwhelmingly voted in favor of amending the Missouri Minimum Wage Law (“MMWL”) to increase the state-wide minimum wage. Therefore, effective January 1, 2019, the Missouri minimum wage rate will increase to $8.60 per hour and will keep increasing each successive year until 2023 when the increases will stop at the target minimum wage rate of $12.00 per hour. Employers must begin the process of budgeting for and implementing these changes ahead of the effective date of the first increase. Employers should also be aware of the non-wage-rate related changes that the law implements. However, the wage increases do not apply to “public employers.”

New Year, New Minimum Wage

As of January 1, 2019, the minimum wage increased in over 20 states. Employers with workers in Arizona, Colorado, and Florida should note the following rates that are effective January 1:

Arizona – $11.00
Colorado – $11.10
Florida – $8.46

Cyber Resolutions for the New Year

As we enter 2019, social media is flooded with resolutions for self-improvement, let us propose a few:

2018-2019 NCAAF Assistant Coaches Salary Database

Spencer Fane LLP attorneys Bob Lattinville and Roger Denny were recently published in USA Today as instrumental contributors to the publication’s annual release of NCAAF assistant coach salaries. USA Today collaborates with the Spencer Fane sports practice duo to prepare the compensation survey, which you can read here.

2018-2019 NCAAF Strength Coaches Salary Database

Spencer Fane LLP attorneys Bob Lattinville and Roger Denny were recently published in USA Today as instrumental contributors to the publication’s annual release of NCAAF strength coach salaries. USA Today collaborates with the Spencer Fane sports practice duo to prepare the compensation survey, which you can read here.

New South Carolina Insurance Data Security Act

South Carolina has recently enacted a new insurance data security law entitled the South Carolina Insurance Data Security Act. The new legislation generally applies to licensees (any person licensed, authorized to operate, or registered, or required to be licensed, authorized, or registered, under the insurance laws of South Carolina) with ten or more employees or independent contractors.

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